If I had a million dollars, or maybe two, to buy a Rolex chronograph, I could perhaps buy one of the five unique “Zenith” Daytonas in platinum, a Datocompax “Jean-Claude Killy” (as Davide Munari did), a “Paul Newman” Daytona (not), or a ref. 4113 split-seconds.
Of the many ways to spend that much money on a Rolex chronograph – and not any other complication – the ref. 4113 is the most unusual, interesting and horologically complex. At the same time, the ref. 4113 was also a dead-end for Rolex, because it never furthered development of the split-second chronograph and instead relied on standard chronographs for all its auto-racing activities.
Produced in 1942 in a run of just 12 watches – with case numbers “051’313” to “051’324” -the ref. 4113 is the only split-seconds, or rattrapante, chronograph ever made by Rolex. Phillips will soon sell ref. 4113 with case number “051’318” – the watch pictured here – at its upcoming November watch auction.
Ref. 4113 with case number “051’318”
The Valjoux 55 inside
The racing connection
Though formal documentation as to its origins no longer exist or are unknown, the story behind the ref. 4113 is by now familiar thanks to research over the years as examples emerged at auction. In 1991, a pair of these emerged at Christie’s, at its Geneva and London salerooms respectively.
The first, with case number was “051’313”, was sold in May 1991 at Christie’s in Geneva for 82,500 Swiss francs. It had been consigned by the family of Stefano La Motta (1920-1951), a racing driver who was a member of Italian nobility and died after crashing his car during a race in 1951. According to a Christie’s essay of 2011, the auction catalogue in 1991 included a photo of La Motta wearing his ref. 4113.
The second watch sold that year had the case number “051’318” – the same watch shown here. It went for £27,500 in October at Christie’s in London, having been consigned by the widow of a former employee of a racing team, who had in turn received the watch as a gift from a driver. According to a Facebook post by veteran American watch dealer Jeff Harris, he bought the watch in London – the price was then equivalent to US$48,000 – and later also owned another two examples of the ref. 4113.
(After this article was first published, Mr Harris got in touch to say that he bought his second ref. 4113 also in 1991, shortly after the first, and most likely from Sotheby’s in New York. And he then sold both later that year in Japan.)
Along with later examples that emerged, these two watches established that the ref. 4113s were all given to prominent racing drivers of the 1940s – a period when Rolex sponsored auto-racing – notably those associated with the Giro di Sicilia (“Lap of Sicily”), a lengthy race across Sicily that still happens annually. As it happens, Rolex is once again the official timekeeper for Formula 1, having started since the 2013 season, but the split-seconds chronograph will not return to the catalogue.
Most of the known watches are identical, save for two. The watch with case “051’019” published in 100 Superlative Rolex Watches by Italian collector John Goldberger has a pink gold crown, while one of the two examples owned by denim millionaire Sandro Fratini, with case number “051’323”, has a two-tone case – a steel case middle and back combined with a gold bezel, crown and button – and was featured in the book showcasing his collection, My Time.
Oversized but not Oyster
The ref. 4113 is uncommon looking, even by modern standards. It is big at 44mm in diameter – the case must have been gargantuan in 1942 – but also thin, giving it the proportions of a dinner plate.
But unlike most Rolex watches, the ref. 4113 does not have a water-resistant Oyster case – its only intrinsic shortcoming. Instead the case has a snap-on back, like the other famous large and flat Rolex, the ref. 8171 “Padellone”. As a result, the water-resistance of the case deteriorates over time, explaining the obvious ageing to the dial on this example, which is also found on the other ref. 4113s known.
The text inside translates as “31 victories, high precision”
This ref. 4113 has spotting on the dial, as well as a faded telemetric scale and minute track, both of which were originally printed in pale blue. The tachymetre is more visible, having been printed in black.
Despite the ageing, the dial remains attractive, primarily because the hands and markers are in pink gold gilt, giving the dial a good deal of contrast and life.
That being said, other examples, including the one Phillips sold for a record price in 2016, do have better preserved dials.
The reason for its enormous case is the movement inside, the Valjoux 55 VBR, a split-seconds calibre produced for a few years in the late 1940s. The version of the movement found inside the ref. 4113 has three buttons: the topmost for the split-seconds, the middle one that’s co-axial with the crown for start and stop, and the bottom pusher for reset.
Measuring 17 2/3”’ in diameter, or just under 40mm, the Valjoux 55 was the split-seconds variant of the Valjoux 54, a chronograph movement originally conceived for pocket watches. The movement was used, in different iterations, by a variety of brands besides Rolex, including Eberhard and Universal. For more on the movement and other brands that utilised it, the article on the split-seconds complication written by PH Zhou for Hodinkee in 2016 is useful.
The Universal Geneve Marina Militare rattrapante “A. Cairelli”, powered by the mono-pusher variant of the Valjoux 55
The military designation and stock code on the case back; this example sold at Christie’s Hong Kong in May 2019 for the equivalent of US$221,000
Unsurprisingly for a watch conceived as a gift for racing drivers, the Valjoux 55 inside the ref. 4113 is no nonsense, in short, the complete opposite of modern day split-seconds chronograph that are all haute horlogerie. The bridges are undecorated, but the steel levers and springs of the chronograph mechanism are straight grained and bevelled; the movement must have been appealingly functional looking when it was fresh out of the factory in 1942.
Like the dial, the movement also shows sign ageing, again likely a consequence of the case. But also like the dial, it remains attractive, both visually, and philosophically for its purity of purpose.
The price of the ref. 4113 has climbed steadily since its first appearance at auction. After the two watches that sold in 1991, Christie’s New York sold ref. 4113 with case “051’314” for US$81,700 in June 1996.
In 2000, another specimen sold at Christie’s Geneva for 213,250 Swiss francs. Four years later, Antiquorum Geneva sold one from the “Carlo Rivetti Collection” for 234,500 francs, but the watch had a reprinted dial.
In 2006, Antiquorum Geneva then sold the watch that was part of Italian collector-turned-author Guido Mondani’s collection, with the case number “051’324”, for 738,500 francs.
Then in 2011 – 20 years after it first sold in London – the watch pictured here sold at Christie’s Geneva for 1.04m francs, becoming the first Rolex watch to break the million-franc mark at auction.
Two years later, the watch from Christie’s 1996 New York sale came on the market once again, this time selling for for 1.12m francs at Christie’s Geneva. Then in 2016, the same watch was offered by Phillips in Geneva, where it sold for a still unsurpassed 2.41m francs.
The ref. 4113 pictured here has an estimate “in excess of” 1.50m francs, a 50% increase from its last public sale price in 2011. For the full catalogue, visit Phillips.com.
Stay tuned for parts II and III that’ll look at two other notable vintage Rolex watches in the same sale.
Many thanks to John Goldberger for his input on certain examples of the ref. 4113.
Update October 10, 2019: Included comment from Jeff Harris on the ref. 4113s he owned.
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