Introducing The Wilhelm Rieber Flying Tourbillon Wristwatch With Spring Detent Escapement

German independent watchmaker Wilhelm Rieber has just completed the world’s first flying tourbillon wristwatch with a spring detent escapement, a wonderful example of watchmaking made even more remarkable by the fact that Rieber works alone.

Wilhelm Rieber is a German watchmaker who makes watches the traditional way. His latest timepiece is remarkable in itself – the world’s first flying tourbillon with a spring detent escapement. That’s made all the more impressive by the fact that he makes all his watches himself. Based near Pforzheim, the historical heart of German watch- and clockmaking, Rieber works solo, making most of the movement components as well as dial and hands. He produces the parts the traditional way, on a lathe or with a saw, eschewing CNC machines. Specialising in flying tourbillons in wrist or pocket watch form, he makes no other watches, Rieber completes only two tourbillons each year. Last year he completed a pocket watch tourbillon with a detent escapement, which led to the recently finished wristwatch version.

Spring detent escapements were often found on high precision marine chronometers, favoured for their extreme accuracy and low friction. Such an escapement is direct impulse, meaning the balance wheel provides the impulse directly to the escape wheel, without the need for a pallet fork.  Put simply, the escapement is dependent on a thin spring and lever (hence the name), which keep the escape wheel locked or going forward. And because the impulse pallet nudges the escape wheel once per oscillation (instead of twice with a sliding motion as in a lever escapement), it works with little or no friction.

But spring detent escapements are fragile and tend to stop when jarred, and consequently rarely made their way into wristwatches, which suffer a lot more shocks than clocks or pocket watches. In order to adapt the spring detent escapement to withstand the shocks borne by a wristwatch, Rieber tweaked the components of the escapement, including optimising the angle between the detent spring and escape wheel.

According to Rieber, the greatest challenge in constructing this movement was miniaturising the components of the escapement to fit in a wristwatch movement just 34 mm across. Rieber makes most of the movement himself, including the minuscule parts of the escapement: the escape wheel measures just 5.5 mm in diameter, while the spring is just 6.4 mm long.

The spring detent compared to the head of a matchstick 

The Wilhelm Rieber Flying Tourbillon With Spring Detent Escapement has a 42 mm case, and the movement is manually wound with a 36 hour power reserve. It is priced at €220,000, equivalent to US$270,000, and can be ordered directly from Wilhelm Rieber.

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Pre-SIHH 2015: Introducing The Facelifted Lange Saxonia Hand-Wind, Automatic And Dual Time (With Pricing)

Lange will show the facelifted Saxonia collection at SIHH 2015, having tweaked the dials and cases of its entry-level collection of timepieces. The cases are slightly smaller, and the details a little more detailed.

SIHH 2015 will see the launch of three new timepieces from A. Lange & Söhne‘s most affordable line-up: the Saxonia, Saxonia Automatik and Saxonia Dual Time. All are facelifted versions of existing models, visually similar and mechanically identical to the existing models but with minor improvements in the size and design. All three new Saxonia watches have new dials that retain the clean look of typical of Saxonia but with minor changes. The applied hour markers are now at the edge of the dial, with double baton indices at each of the quarters. 

The minute markers around the dial are also more longer and more pronounced, while the subsidiary seconds has the tens in Arabic numerals.

The new Saxonia watches also have the brushed, inward sloping flange around the dial that gives the watch more depth. This feature was introduced several years ago but now found in many Lange timepieces.

Also, the case sizes for two of them have been changed. The base model, hand-wind Saxonia now has a 35 mm case (it was 37 mm before), while the Saxonia Dual Time is now 38.5 mm in diameter (versus 40 mm previously). The new Saxonia models are available in rose or white gold, with prices before tax as follows: Saxonia Pink gold €13,900  White gold €14,900  Saxonia Automatic Pink gold €20,800 White gold €21,800 Saxonia Dual Time Pink gold €25,800 For comparison, this is the Saxonia Annual Calendar that sports the design of the previous generation Saxonia timepieces.

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