Up Close: Ulysse Nardin Freak Vision

The latest of the greatest.

When Ulysse Nardin unveiled the Freak InnoVision 2 last year, the concept watch was the most cutting edge iteration of brand’s signature complication ever, the most radical Freak to date.

Despite boasting 10 innovations, including the friction-free Dual Constant Escapement and the ultra-efficient “Grinder” automatic winding system, the InnoVision 2 was a concept watch, destined to never reach a client’s wrist.

Ulysse Nardin Freak Innovision 2-1

The Freak InnoVision 2

But now the InnoVision 2 has been translated into a production wristwatch with the Freak Vision, which incorporates the most important innovations of the InnoVision 2. And more crucially, the over the top and cumbersome InnoVision 2 has been refined and streamlined into a watch that’s sleek and clever, but one that wears its high tech lightly. The Freak Vision is an eminently wearable Freak, and one that is moderately priced, as such things go.

Ulysse Nardin Freak Vision 2

The Freak Vision

The Freak of the future

The Freak Vision is a much needed update to Ulysse Nardin’s most important modern day wristwatch. And it also serves as a reminder that the original Freak was, in fact, a precursor to the exotic independent watchmaking of today.

When the first Freak made its debut in 2001, the flying-carousel wristwatch was unbelievably radical and cutting edge, hence the outlandish name.

The movement conceived by a stellar cast, starting with Carole Forestier, who imagined the tourbillon regulator, or more accurately a carousel, as an entirely new way of displaying time. Her concept of having a rotating movement surrounded by a giant mainspring won her the Prix Abraham-Louis Breguet in 1997, an award sponsored by Breguet to mark the 250th annivesary of Abraham-Louis Breguet’s birth.

Ulysse Nardin Freak 1 rose gold 2

The original Freak 1

The inimitable Rolf Schnyder, then the owner of Ulysse Nardin, was so enamoured by Ms Forestier’s idea that he bought the patent. He handed it over to Ludwig Oechslin to refine and realise; Mr Oechslin notably put the mainspring under the movement instead of around it.

Now better known for having founded quirky independent watchmaker ochs und junior, Mr Oechslin was then the technical genius who realised most of the ambitions of the late Mr Schnyder, a remarkable entrepreneur who made his fortune making quartz movement in Asia.

But Mr Schnyder dreamt of more than a watch with a fancy movement, he wanted to bring watchmaking into the 21st century.  Thanks to Mr Schnyder, the Freak was the first wristwatch to incorporate silicon parts in the movement, a seemingly pedestrian achievement with the proliferation of silicon today but earthshaking at the time.

But that was 17 years ago, and 17 years later the Freak needs an update to remain as radical as it once was. And so the baton has been handed to the Freak Vision.

On the cutting edge

The original Freak had neither hands nor a dial, but instead a baguette-shaped movement that rotated once per hour and doubled as the minute hand. The movement sat on top of the dial, itself mounted on a huge coiled mainspring that occupied almost the entire case, giving it a one-week power reserve.

More importantly, the Freak boasted a Dual Direct escapement based on Abraham-Louis Breguet’s natural escapement, or échappement naturel, which had two escape wheels that meshed with each other but ran irregularly, due to play between the gear teeth that were inevitable given the manufacturing tolerances in the 19th century.

Consequently Breguet never implemented his invention widely, but the natural escapement has been the inspiration for latter day watchmakers as diverse as Voutilainen, Laurent Ferrier and Derek Pratt.

Ulysse Nardin Freak 1.5 sothebys 1

The second generation double escape wheels in the original Freak

Ulysse Nardin Freak Vision 6

The Freak Vision

The Ulysse Nardin Dual Direct escapement solved Breguet’s tolerance problem by replacing traditional metal parts with precisely formed silicon components produced via deep reactive ion etching (DRIE). Not only were silicon, or silicium, parts exactly the right shape, the material promised a watch movement that would maintain its rate across a range of temperatures, and being impervious to magnetic fields while requiring infrequent servicing.

Ulysse Nardin plasma etching silicon wafer

Plasma etching of a silicon wafer. Image – Ulysse Nardin

Thanks to pioneering partnerships with the Swiss Center for Electronics and Microtechnology (CSEM) and micro-engineering outfit Mimotec, Ulysse Nardin was able to bring silicon components to market well in advance of industry titans like Rolex, Omega and Patek Philippe (which also funded CSEM). In short, the Freak ushered in the age of silicon in horology.

Since then, Ulysse Nardin has introduced numerous further refinements and innovations in silicon. The first hairsprings etched from synthetic diamond via DRIE were unveiled, followed by an updated Dual Direct Escapement boosted to run at 4Hz in 2005.

The updated escapement wheels had 18 teeth each, compared to the five in the first generation version, for greater stability. And DIAMonSIL, silicon coated in synthetic diamond, was introduced in 2007.

But despite all these developments, all Freak watches remained quaintly hand-wound, with the mainspring wound by a somewhat unwieldy notched case back.

An exercise in practicality

While taking into account all of that grand history, the Freak Vision combines both the best of Ulysse Nardin’s latest innovations as well as an eye towards wearability.

In a marked departure from tradition, the cal. UN-250 in the Freak Vision boasts the Grinder self-winding mechanism, making it the first automatic Freak. The Grinder involves a complex assembly of ball bearings, springs and reduction gears, which according to the brand, makes it twice as efficient as a conventional automatic winding mechanism.

Ulysse Nardin Freak Vision 3

Like the large sail winches nicknamed “grinders” that are found on racing yachts, the Grinder mechanism relies on a reducing gear to wind the mainspring barrel more efficiently. But the key innovation of Grinder is a flexible, open-worked frame with four arms that connects the peripheral rotor to the winding wheel for the barrel.

Ulysse Nardin Freak Vision grinder automatic

The four-armed winding pawl. Image – Ulysse Nardin

Ulysse Nardin Freak Vision grinder cross section

A cross section of the Grinder mechanism. Image – Ulysse Nardin

Each rotation of the oscillating mass causes one of the four arms on the frame to turn the winding wheel, somewhat like a IWC Pellaton winding mechanism on steroids. The four arms offer exceptional efficiency, twice as efficient as conventional automatic mechanisms ascending to Ulysse Nardin. That significantly reduces the need for hand-winding, though it remains available by turning the notched case back.

Ulysee Nardin Freak Vision Grinder automatic

While the InnoVision 2 was equipped with the experimental Dual Constant Escapement – a silicon-based constant force escapement with twin escape wheels – the Freak Vision instead incorporates the tried and tested Ulysse Nardin Anchor escapement first unveiled in 2014.

Ulysse Nardin Freak Innovision 2-3

The Dual Constant Escapement inside the InnoVision 2

It is also constant force and made mostly of silicon, but utilises only a single escapement wheel. Both escapements are conceptually similar to Girard-Perregaux’s Constant Force in the sense that they use the elasticity of silicon to provide constant force.

The Anchor Escapement consists of a circular silicon frame that holds the lever in place. Instead of a pivot, two perpendicular, buckled blades of silicon on both sides of the frame converge at the pivot point of the lever. The buckled blades flex between fixed ends, ensuring a very precise and constant transmission of energy between the escape wheel and the balance regardless of the torque from the mainspring.

Ulysse Nardin Freak Vision Anchor escapement

Furthermore, the movement also incorporates a new balance wheel that is lightweight and high performance. Already lightweight in silicon, the balance wheel also gets rid of the traditional gold regulating weights, replacing them with nickel inertia blocks that are lighter, increasing its efficiency and the movement’s power reserve. In addition, the balance is also fitted with self-regulating silicon micro-blades that use air resistance to stabilise its amplitude and increase accuracy.

Notably, unlike earlier Freaks, the cal. UN-250 features a gear train made of silicon – meaning all of the wheels are silicon – which minimises energy loss due to friction, since silicon is almost friction-free, thus enhancing power transmission.

Ulysse Nardin Freak Vision 7

While the Freak Vision tells time with the traditional baguette-shaped movement that rotates once per hour, the silicon gear train is held in place by a pair of skeletonised, delta-shaped central bridges that were inspired by the hull of a boat, giving the movement a lighter, trimmer look.

It also gives the movement a more elegant feel, despite its obvious high-tech nature, while making for a clearer and more legible design.

The colour palette of the movement is also restrained, with the main plate being a metallic blue, while the open-worked bridges in the centre finished in frosted rhodium. All of the jewels are also clear, instead of the conventional red, which accentuates the clean styling of the movement.

Ulysse Nardin Freak Vision 4

But technical advancements aside, the Freak Vision is tangibly a leaner and cleaner watch. In short, it is significantly more wearable.

Measuring 45mm wide, the case has short lugs and no crown, giving it a smaller footprint than cases with similar diameters.

Ulysse Nardin Freak Vision case

Its made of platinum, something that’s apparent in its weight, and fitted with a thin bezel made of titanium with a blue rubber insert and three titanium riders for time-setting. The rubber bezel insert has become a trademark of the Freak watch case, although inexpensive nature of rubber feels incongruous with a top of the line, high-tech wristwatch.

Ulysse Nardin Freak Vision 8

The case back is titanium to help keep its lightweight, while the crystal is a domed, “box-type” sapphire that enables the Freak Vision to accommodate the height of the movement while having a thinner case band, and consequently a slimmer profile on the wrist.

Priced just shy of US$100,000, the Freak Vision is without a doubt the most advanced Freak to date. But it is also moderately priced; in other words, there were less interesting Freak models that cost more.

Price and Availability

The Ulysse Nardin Freak Vision (ref. 2505-250) is priced at SFr95,000.


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